Toronto Lithographing Company

Salada Tea - 461 King W

Toronto Lithographing Company – 461 King St. W.  Photo by K Taylor.

High up on my list of favourite Toronto buildings is 461 King St. W. which sits on the south side of the street, just west of Spadina.  It was built for the Toronto Lithographing Company in 1901 by architects Gouinlock and Baker.

That an industrial building could be so handsome is no surprise when you realize that George Wallace Gouinlock was the same man who gave us several of the grand and glorious buildings of the Canadian National Exhibition (C.N.E.) Grounds.  Sadly, many have been demolished but some fine examples still stand including the Horticulture, Press, and Government (now Medieval Times) buildings.

TPL 1927
Horticultural Building, 1928. Courtesy of Toronto Public Library.
Press Building 1906 TPL
The Press Building, 1906. Courtesy of Toronto Public Library.
Ontario Government Building, CNE, seen from blimp. - 1929
The Government Building, as seen from a blimp in 1929. From the City of Toronto Archives.

But these were still just a twinkle in Gouinlock’s eye when he and his partner, Francis Baker, were hired on to build a new home for the Toronto Lithographing Company.

The Toronto Lithographing Company opened for business in 1878 and quickly became one of the largest firms in the city.  Their services included lithographing, electrotyping and engraving and it seems they churned out every form of publication under the sun.  They produced maps, political posters, books, postcards and pretty much anything else that could help a body generate some business.

Here is a lovely example of one of their own advertisements:

Toronto Lithographing 1902
From the 1902 Toronto City Directory.

Before moving into their new digs at 461 King W., the Toronto Lithographing Company had bounced around quite a bit – first on Wellington, then York, King St. E., Jordan St. (where their building burned down) and then Bathurst and King.  It was at this last location, in 1898, that the company was visited by photographers from the A. A. Gray firm and all the glamour of a lithographing business was documented.

Companies today think themselves so advanced for offering bike storage – these guys had it down pat well over a century ago.

Bicycle Storage - 1898 Toronto Lithographers
Bicycle storage at Toronto Lithographing Co – Bathurst and King, 1898.  From the City of Toronto Archives.

The arrangement of old offices intrigues me – they never seem to be oriented right.  But that does look like a lovely spittoon.

Four men in an office 1898 Toronto Lithographing
Toronto Lithographing Co – Bathurst and King, 1898.  From the City of Toronto Archives.

Lithographic artists at work.

Lithographic artists at work 1898 toronto Lithographing
Toronto Lithographing Co – Bathurst and King, 1898.  From the City of Toronto Archives.

Press operators and Typesetters.

Press Operators and Typesetters 1898 Toronto Lithographing Co
Toronto Lithographing Co – Bathurst and King, 1898.  From the City of Toronto Archives.

Another fascinating office.  Personally, I’d find it unnerving if someone sat just behind me.  And unless the animal skin rug is covering a trap door, I don’t understand what purpose it serves there.

Two men in an office - 1898 Toronto Lithographers
Toronto Lithographing Co – Bathurst and King, 1898.  From the City of Toronto Archives.

Three years after these photos were taken, the company moved into 461 King W. and issued a new advertisement to announce it:

Toronto Lithography Ad with building 1902
From the 1902 Toronto City Directory.

In 1909, Toronto Lithographing changed its name to Stone Ltd (after its President William Stone and Vice President Frank Stone) before finally merging with another large lithography company, Rolph and Clark. With the merger, the company would move out of 461 King W and head way out to the east end of the city, to Carlaw Ave.

Following their departure the building sat vacant until the end of WW1, when it became an RAF repair depot. When the depot moved out, the Salada Tea Company moved in and issued this invitation to visit them for lunch sometime:

Salada 461 King St W Canadian Grocer 1922
From the August 18th, 1922 Canadian Grocer.

If there’s one thing I hope we can all agree on, it’s that striped awnings are always a good choice.

Happily, 461 King W. has been well cared for over the years and looks just as wonderful as the day Gouinlock and Baker took their final tour of the place and set off to dream up other great buildings.  Now the home of The Firkin on King restaurant, you can even visit it whenever you like and ask vaguely amusing questions like “What the firkin is a Firkin anyway?”


12 thoughts on “Toronto Lithographing Company

  1. So the Toronto Lithographing Company building is still standing? Is it protected? I was quite dismayed to see whole City blocks and beautiful buildings being torn down to build glass towers last time in TO. Hopefully old area around King and Queen being maintained
    Mike Calgary

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I’m very happy to report that the Lithographing Co building is still standing and is heritage protected – as are many of the lovely buildings between Bathurst and Spadina, along King. But you’re right, we’re losing huge swaths of our classic structures to junky, look-a-like glass towers. … breaks my heart.


  2. Me too, Toronto born-my grandmother worked for the company 1898, So appreciate the photos. Love to imagine her swishing along King in her long dress/skirt where, somehow she met my grandfather who worked at Aikenhead Hardware, and lived at 319.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Found a print from 1895 which says In God Is My Trust. (Top). It’s really cool.

    Honor all men, Love the brotherhood, Fear God, Honor the King (printed at the bottom)

    Liked by 1 person

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